Gerstein hearing after a warrantless arrest

To be reasonable under the Fourth Amendment, every search and every seizure requires justification and authorization.  The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and…


Search Incident to Lawful Arrest

Every search or seizure needs a justification and an authorization. Ordinarily, the justification is probable cause and the authorization is the warrant. However, there are cases where one or the other or both can be…


Requisites of a Valid Warrant

A search or seizure warrant, to comply with the text of the Fourth Amendment, must: be based on probable causebe supported by oath or affirmationparticularly describe the place to be searched, and the persons or things…


Reasonable Expectation of Privacy

What conduct by the police constitutes a search or seizure of a person, house, paper, or effect and, therefore, triggers Fourth Amendment protection. The old analysis was based on trespass principles, such that no 4th amendment violation…



No Picture

Russian Air Force sightings 2014-2017

Basic Information about Russian Air Force (from Wikipedia) Russian Air Force (Russian: воздушные cилы России, tr. Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily Rossii, literally “military air forces of Russia”) is a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, the latter being formed…


No Picture

Russian Air Force Aircraft

Basic Information about Russian Air Force (from Wikipedia) Russian Air Force (Russian: воздушные cилы России, tr. Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily Rossii, literally “military air forces of Russia”) is a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, the latter being formed…