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What does it mean for a treaty to be self-executing?

Enforceable upon ratification. This Court has long recognized the distinction between treaties that automatically have effect as domestic law, and those that–while they constitute international law commitments–do not by themselves function as binding federal law….


The case of Alfred Dewayne Brown

At about 9:30 a.m. on Thursday, April 3, 2003, three men attempted to rob the ACE America’s Cash Express check-cashing store located at 5700 South Loop E, Houston TX 77033. The robbery did not go…


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The Fundamental Right to Marry

It has long been the case that courts view the right to marry as a fundamental liberty protected by the substantive due process components of the 5th and 14th Amendments. The freedom to marry has…


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What is “Family”?

The traditional means of forming family ties is through marriage, blood, or adoption. The “nuclear family” consists of only “parents, children, and domestic servants.” See Rudy v. Southampton Civic Club, 271 S.W.2d 431, 435 (Tex.Civ.App.—Waco 1954, writ ref’d…


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Rights and Duties of a Parent

Section 151.001 of the Texas Family Code lays out 11 rights and duties of parents. There are 3 duties: the duty of care, control, protection, and reasonable discipline of the child; the duty to support…


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Holley Factors

In deciding whether termination of the parent-child relationship is in the child’s best interest, Texas courts look to a nonexhaustive list of factors laid out in the case of Holley v. Adams, 544 SW2d 367…




Terry Doctrine

The Terry doctrine stands for the notion that based on reasonable suspicion alone–and without probable cause–the police may briefly detain a citizen to conduct a cursory protective sweep in search for anything posing a danger…