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Battle of Siffin

The chronology and exact course of events are somewhat vague, but generally tradition puts Mu‘awiya’s decision to come out openly against ‘Ali only after the battle of the Camel. At first, we are told, he…


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Battle of the Camel

In 656, finally a group of Muslims disaffected by Uthman’s rule conspired against the caliph and murdered him. By communal consensus, Ali succeeded Abu Bakr and became the Fourth Rightly Guided Caliph (Khulafa al-Rashidun). Two…


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Battle of Karbala

A key event in the Shia-Sunni schism is the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD (61 years post-Hijra). The historical context of the Battle is the power struggle that emerged upon the death of Muhammad….




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War Powers Resolution

Purpose and Policy. It is the purpose of this chapter to… insure that the collective judgment of both the Congress and the President will apply to the introduction of United States Armed Forces into hostilities……




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DIMEC

They sources of national power: diplomatic, intelligence, military, economic, and cyber (DIMEC).


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Totten Bar vs. Reynolds Bar

Judicial control over the evidence in a case cannot be abdicated to the caprice of executive officers. Yet we will not go so far as to say that the court may automatically require a complete…